Saliva contains minerals, which if stuck in the teeth for a long time will harden and form tartar. The surface of tartar is rough so that plaque containing bacteria will easily stick and often causes inflammation of the gums (gingivitis). One of the symptoms is gums that bleed easily, especially when you’re brushing your teeth.
Cleaning tartar should be done routinely every 6 months to prevent gingivitis by scaling.
If tartar is not cleaned and left alone, it will cause gingivitis and will develop into periodontitis (periodontal inflammation) where one of the symptoms is rocking teeth. This treatment cannot be done alone at home because you have to use special tools and techniques.
Dental crowns are artificial teeth that are used to replace damaged teeth. Dental crowns are attached to the gum surface covering the remnants of damaged teeth that have been cleaned and function as new tooth surfaces.
- Do not brush or clean teeth regularly
- Do not check and clean teeth regularly to the dentist
- Fluorine deficiency
- Consume too much sugar and carbohydrate foods; because sugar and carbohydrates become a food source of bacteria in the mouth
- Lack of saliva production (as in people with xerostomia or dry mouth syndrome); saliva is very important for cleaning leftovers and sugars that are harmful to teeth.
- Smoking habit
- Smoking used cigarettes
- Consumption of acidic foods and drinks
Dental Bridge is one type of method for improving teeth that is commonly used today. As the name implies, Dental Bridge is used as a “bridge” that fills the void of missing teeth. This bridge is supported by natural teeth or dentures.
Dental Bridge consists of two crowns (molds in accordance with the shape of the teeth) which are mounted on an iron wire and placed on both teeth at the ends of the void. The two teeth that are used as a support for the Dental Bridge are called “border teeth.” The bridge is then fitted with false teeth called pontics. Dentures can be made of porcelain, gold, metal, or a mixture of these materials.
There are three types of dental bridges that are commonly used:
- Traditional Dental Bridge – the most commonly used type of dental bridge and generally made of ceramic or porcelain with metal alloys. With a traditional Dental Bridge, a crown is used and installed at both ends of the gap between missing teeth, and a pontic is placed in between.
- Cantilever Dental Bridge (Read: Cantilever) – This dental bridge is used if you only want to replace one tooth, usually the tooth that is at the back end of the mouth. Dental Bridge cantilever is only used when there is only one tooth that can be used as a support so it is rarely used at a price that is quite expensive.
- Damar-Adhesive Dental Bridge – Dental Bridge with resin adhesive or commonly referred to as Maryland bonded bridges using a metal or porcelain framework, then supported by teeth and gums made of a mixture of porcelain with metal, ceramics, or plastic.
- The type of dental bridge to be installed will depend on the condition of the remaining teeth and the location of the installation.
Dental Bridge is an economical solution to restore teeth and provide aesthetic and health effects. The advantages of a dental bridge include: Restoring the physical shape of the tooth as before, giving a more charming smile, restoring the ability to talk and chew, maintaining the normal shape of the face, distributing pressure when chewing to avoid jaw problems and headaches, protecting the remaining teeth so as not to shift from its original position.
Tooth extraction is done for a variety of reasons, including tooth decay that has destroyed tooth structure that cannot be restored with fillings. The extraction of wisdom teeth (last molars) that is problematic or not growing perfectly is routine, as is the removal of several permanent teeth to make room for orthodontic treatment.
The doctor will ask about your medical history and medications that are being consumed. If you are taking blood-thinning drugs, such as aspirin, the doctor will ask the patient to stop it temporarily, so that there is no bleeding after tooth extraction. The doctor will also ask the patient to undergo dental X-ray examination. Keep in mind, you should not smoke before tooth extraction.
The doctor will make sure the patient’s condition is ready to undergo tooth extraction. Patients will be given antibiotics just before tooth extraction if the patient has an infection, has a weak immune system, or if the tooth extraction procedure is predicted to last a long time. If the patient is restless before the procedure, the doctor can give a sedative.
If more than one tooth is extracted, or a tooth impaction occurs, the doctor can give a general anesthetic so that the patient falls asleep during the procedure.
Bleaching is a treatment to brighten the color of teeth using the application of chemicals that oxidize organic pigments in teeth. This treatment will give the effect of teeth becoming whiter and brighter. The ingredients used for bleaching are hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide at certain concentrations.
Bleaching in the office can only be done by a dentist in a dentist’s clinic. The time needed is about 1 hour and the teeth will immediately appear white and bright after treatment. The material that is usually used is hydrogen peroxide.
Home bleaching is bleaching done at home using bleaching material whose concentration is lower than bleaching in the office so that the teeth turn white after a few days of use. The material that is usually used is carbamide peroxide.
Dental Veener is a material with a tooth-like color that is commonly used to coat the surface of a tooth in order to enhance the appearance of one’s teeth. This material is usually used to cover problems with teeth and change the color, size, and shape of teeth. Because of its ability to resemble natural teeth and solve many problems at once, this material has become one of the favorite solutions to overcome tooth disorders.
- Has the appearance resembles natural teeth (natural).
- The latest technology and development has made dental veneers much more comfortable and tolerated by gums.
- More resistant to stains than dental crowns.
- Only requires a little reshaping on natural teeth, unlike crowns that require a lot of remodeling.
- More durable than dental crowns. Dental veneers can usually last for 5-10 years.
Dental veneers are divided into several types, depending on the material of the maker. Some include:
Porcelain veneers – Porcelain veneers are the type most often sought by consumers because the benefits offered are more than other types. With colors resembling porcelain, this type looks so natural that it cannot be distinguished from natural teeth, because porcelain material can reflect light better so that it resembles natural teeth. Porcelain veneers are also more resistant to stains, making them more durable. The most important thing is that porcelain material is well received by gum tissue, causing fewer problems in long-term use.
Resin mixed veneers – Resin mixed veneers are traditional dental veneers used by dentists. Many patients still choose this type because of its thinner shape. This means that the dentist only needs to remove a thin layer of teeth in the process of installing this type of dental veneer, unlike porcelain dental veneers that require more space.
Invisalign is a orthodontic procedure for adults or children whose teeth are uneven or tilted. Although the benefits are similar to metal braces, Invisalign has revolutionized the orthodontics industry by providing alternatives that are easier to use and easy to see. Specially designed for each stage of treatment, each Invisalign tray will slowly push the teeth into the right position, with detailed planning from the dentist. Invisalign can overcome almost all the disadvantages of metal braces, and the shortcomings themselves are very few. With various advantages, this orthodontic device has become very popular with many patients.
Invisalign can be beneficial for all patients who need orthodontic treatment. Examples are those who: teeth are uneven, tilted, or too close together, teeth are too tenuous, have open bites, or front teeth are not gritted when biting, have closed bites, or upper teeth cover lower teeth when biting, have cross bites, or have some of the upper teeth remain inside, while the other teeth come out when biting, have malocclusions, upper teeth and lower teeth don’t meet, jaws that don’t meet each other
Invisalign has the same function as metal braces, but with a different method. If the way the braces work is by pulling the teeth to the correct position using a wire, another case with Invisalign, which is mounted on the surface of the teeth to flatten or change the position of the teeth. Instead of using a wire to pull teeth, Invisalign will be installed on the surface of the teeth to flatten or change the position of the teeth. During the treatment period, patients will use several different leveling trays. Each leveling tray serves to push the teeth to the position the dentist planned. Usually, each leveling tray must be used for about 2 weeks before replacing the next tray.
Teeth with the smallest hole must be patched to prevent the hole from enlarging. The filling technique is adjusted according to the size and location of the holes in the teeth.
The patch material used in our clinic is a tooth-colored patch material that is strong so that it can restore the function of dental mastication and aesthetics.
Root Canal Treatment
Root canal or endodontic treatment is a treatment to repair badly damaged or infected teeth. This treatment can overcome the problem of teeth without the need to revoke, so that again able to chew comfortably and bite strongly. It also protects teeth and maintains the appearance of natural teeth.
Root canal is a term used to describe the natural cavity in the middle of a tooth, whereas the pulp is a soft area within a tooth, which contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue. If the pulp tissue is disrupted, either due to cavities, lack of oral hygiene, or injury to the teeth, the pulp can become inflamed and cause pain. This can also trigger the development of bacteria so that an infection or tooth abscess can occur.
The symptoms that include the infection are:
- Teeth ache when exposed to food or drink
- Teeth hurt when biting or chewing.
- Teeth feel loose / shake.
In particular, symptoms are felt especially when the teeth are exposed to cold or overheated food or drinks. The pain can continue, even if the food or drink is not consumed. Then, the pain may arise at any time, for example midnight, and is generally followed by a headache.
If you feel these symptoms, you should immediately consult a dentist. If a pulp infection does occur, then the doctor may decide to treat root canal treatment, because the condition cannot heal by itself.
In addition to abscesses, if the disruption in the root canal is not handled properly, it may also cause bone damage around the root tip that is experiencing problems, or swelling that can extend to the face and neck area.
Dental Care for Children
It is better to take the child to the dentist when the first teeth start to appear. Actually, prospective teeth have started to grow in the gums since he was still not born. However, the first teeth are only seen at the age of 6 months. In some children, teeth can appear earlier, namely 4 months of age or even late. If until the age of 1 year there are no teeth visible, still take the child to the dentist to have it examined. When this first tooth appears, the child’s dental care must begin immediately.
The most important dental treatment in children starts from treatment to prevent cavities, bleeding gums and others. Dental and oral health is one of the important factors in achieving optimal growth and development of children and also influencing health.
Child dental care includes preventive care, namely dental sealants and topical fluoride applications, dental fillings, stainless metal crowns, dental nerve care in children and dental nerve care in children as well as space maintainer and orthodontic interceptive care.